How to Install and Configure Squid Proxy Server on CentOS 6.2

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This howto will show you the steps to install and configure a Squid 3 Proxy Server on CentOS6.2. Squid service plays two main roles which mainly act as a caching proxy server between the user and the web. Second role, squid also regularly used as a content accelerator, or reverse proxy, intercepting requests to a server and using a cached version of the page to serve the request. Follow below steps to install and configure squid.

1. Install Squid proxy using yum command. This installation is performed using local yum repository as documented in this article. (How to Setup Local Yum Repository from CD-ROM/DVD-ROM image on CentOS 6.2)

    [root@centos62 ~]# yum install squid -y
    Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
    Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
     * base: centos.maulvi.net
     * extras: centos.maulvi.net
     * updates: centos.maulvi.net
    Setting up Install Process
    Resolving Dependencies
    --> Running transaction check
    ---> Package squid.i686 7:3.1.10-1.el6_2.1 will be installed
    --> Processing Dependency: perl(Getopt::Long) for package: 7:squid-3.1.10-1.el6_2.1.i686
    --> Processing Dependency: perl(integer) for package: 7:squid-3.1.10-1.el6_2.1.i686
    --> Processing Dependency: perl(Pod::Usage) for package: 7:squid-3.1.10-1.el6_2.1.i686
    --> Processing Dependency: perl(DBI) for package: 7:squid-3.1.10-1.el6_2.1.i686
    --> Processing Dependency: perl(Digest::MD5) for package: 7:squid-3.1.10-1.el6_2.1.i686
    --> Processing Dependency: perl(vars) for package: 7:squid-3.1.10-1.el6_2.1.i686
    --> Processing Dependency: libltdl.so.7 for package: 7:squid-3.1.10-1.el6_2.1.i686
    --> Processing Dependency: perl(strict) for package: 7:squid-3.1.10-1.el6_2.1.i686
    --> Processing Dependency: /usr/bin/perl for package: 7:squid-3.1.10-1.el6_2.1.i686
    --> Processing Dependency: perl(Getopt::Std) for package: 7:squid-3.1.10-1.el6_2.1.i686
    --> Processing Dependency: perl(Net::POP3) for package: 7:squid-3.1.10-1.el6_2.1.i686
    --> Running transaction check
    ---> Package libtool-ltdl.i686 0:2.2.6-15.5.el6 will be installed
    ---> Package perl.i686 4:5.10.1-119.el6_1.1 will be installed
    --> Processing Dependency: perl-libs = 4:5.10.1-119.el6_1.1 for package: 4:perl-5.10.1-119.el6_1.1.i686
    --> Processing Dependency: perl-libs for package: 4:perl-5.10.1-119.el6_1.1.i686
    --> Processing Dependency: perl(Pod::Simple) for package: 4:perl-5.10.1-119.el6_1.1.i686
    --> Processing Dependency: libperl.so for package: 4:perl-5.10.1-119.el6_1.1.i686
    --> Processing Dependency: perl(version) for package: 4:perl-5.10.1-119.el6_1.1.i686
    --> Processing Dependency: perl(Module::Pluggable) for package: 4:perl-5.10.1-119.el6_1.1.i686
    ---> Package perl-DBI.i686 0:1.609-4.el6 will be installed
    --> Running transaction check
    ---> Package perl-Module-Pluggable.i686 1:3.90-119.el6_1.1 will be installed
    ---> Package perl-Pod-Simple.i686 1:3.13-119.el6_1.1 will be installed
    --> Processing Dependency: perl(Pod::Escapes) >= 1.04 for package: 1:perl-Pod-Simple-3.13-119.el6_1.1.i686
    ---> Package perl-libs.i686 4:5.10.1-119.el6_1.1 will be installed
    ---> Package perl-version.i686 3:0.77-119.el6_1.1 will be installed
    --> Running transaction check
    ---> Package perl-Pod-Escapes.i686 1:1.04-119.el6_1.1 will be installed
    --> Finished Dependency Resolution
    
    Dependencies Resolved
    
    ====================================================================================================
     Package                     Arch       Version                    Repository                  Size
    ====================================================================================================
    Installing:
     squid                       i686       7:3.1.10-1.el6_2.1         updates                    1.7 M
    Installing for dependencies:
     libtool-ltdl                i686       2.2.6-15.5.el6             CentOS6.2-Repository        45 k
     perl                        i686       4:5.10.1-119.el6_1.1       CentOS6.2-Repository       9.7 M
     perl-DBI                    i686       1.609-4.el6                CentOS6.2-Repository       705 k
     perl-Module-Pluggable       i686       1:3.90-119.el6_1.1         CentOS6.2-Repository        37 k
     perl-Pod-Escapes            i686       1:1.04-119.el6_1.1         CentOS6.2-Repository        30 k
     perl-Pod-Simple             i686       1:3.13-119.el6_1.1         CentOS6.2-Repository       209 k
     perl-libs                   i686       4:5.10.1-119.el6_1.1       CentOS6.2-Repository       590 k
     perl-version                i686       3:0.77-119.el6_1.1         CentOS6.2-Repository        49 k
    
    Transaction Summary
    ====================================================================================================
    Install       9 Package(s)
    
    Total download size: 13 M
    Installed size: 38 M
    Downloading Packages:
    (1/9): squid-3.1.10-1.el6_2.1.i686.rpm                                       | 1.7 MB     00:14
    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total                                                               881 kB/s |  13 MB     00:15
    warning: rpmts_HdrFromFdno: Header V4 RSA/SHA1 Signature, key ID c105b9de: NOKEY
    Retrieving key from file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6
    Importing GPG key 0xC105B9DE:
     Userid : CentOS-6 Key (CentOS 6 Official Signing Key) 
     Package: centos-release-6-2.el6.centos.7.i686 (@anaconda-CentOS-201112130233.i386/6.2)
     From   : /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6
    Running rpm_check_debug
    Running Transaction Test
    Transaction Test Succeeded
    Running Transaction
      Installing : 1:perl-Pod-Escapes-1.04-119.el6_1.1.i686                                         1/9
      Installing : 3:perl-version-0.77-119.el6_1.1.i686                                             2/9
      Installing : 4:perl-libs-5.10.1-119.el6_1.1.i686                                              3/9
      Installing : 1:perl-Pod-Simple-3.13-119.el6_1.1.i686                                          4/9
      Installing : 1:perl-Module-Pluggable-3.90-119.el6_1.1.i686                                    5/9
      Installing : 4:perl-5.10.1-119.el6_1.1.i686                                                   6/9
      Installing : perl-DBI-1.609-4.el6.i686                                                        7/9
      Installing : libtool-ltdl-2.2.6-15.5.el6.i686                                                 8/9
      Installing : 7:squid-3.1.10-1.el6_2.1.i686                                                    9/9
    
    Installed:
      squid.i686 7:3.1.10-1.el6_2.1
    
    Dependency Installed:
      libtool-ltdl.i686 0:2.2.6-15.5.el6             perl.i686 4:5.10.1-119.el6_1.1
      perl-DBI.i686 0:1.609-4.el6                    perl-Module-Pluggable.i686 1:3.90-119.el6_1.1
      perl-Pod-Escapes.i686 1:1.04-119.el6_1.1       perl-Pod-Simple.i686 1:3.13-119.el6_1.1
      perl-libs.i686 4:5.10.1-119.el6_1.1            perl-version.i686 3:0.77-119.el6_1.1
    
    Complete!
    

2. Configure server hosts file :

    [root@centos62 ~]# vi /etc/hosts
    
    127.0.0.1   localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4
    ::1         localhost localhost.localdomain localhost6 localhost6.localdomain6
    
    192.168.1.44 centos62.ehowstuff.com
    

3. Configure main squid configuration file. Use vi to edit.

    [root@centos62 ~]# vi /etc/squid/squid.conf
    

4. Add your internal network name into the IP networks list where browsing should be allowed. In this example, your internal network name is ehowstuff.com.

    acl localnet src 10.0.0.0/8     # RFC1918 possible internal network
    acl localnet src 172.16.0.0/12  # RFC1918 possible internal network
    acl localnet src 192.168.0.0/16 # RFC1918 possible internal network
    acl localnet src fc00::/7       # RFC 4193 local private network range
    acl localnet src fe80::/10      # RFC 4291 link-local (directly plugged) machines
    acl ehowstuff.com src 192.168.1.0/24    # Your internal network
    

5. Add ehowstuff.com network in the ACL section list IP networks where browsing should be allowed :

    #http_access allow localnet
    http_access allow localhost
    http_access allow ehowstuff.com
    

6. Make sure squid proxy port is uncomment. You can change the proxy port to any available port here. As an example, other available port is 8080.

    # Squid normally listens to port 3128
    http_port 3128
    

7. Configure auto start at boot for squid service :

    [root@centos62 ~]# chkconfig squid on
    

8. Start squid service :

    [root@centos62 ~]# service squid restart
    Stopping squid: ................                           [  OK  ]
    Starting squid: .                                          [  OK  ]
    

9. Client browser configuration should be as below :

squid

As always if you need any help you can reach us on twitter @ehowstuff or drop us a comment below. Jumping through archives page to read more articles..


Skytech is a part time blogger that has over 6 years experience in servicing, repairing and configuring computers and administering the server systems.

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