This post will shows how to install VMware Tools on Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.2 (RHEL 6.2). VMware Tools is a group of utilities that enhances the overall performance of the virtual machine’s guest operating system (OS) and improves management of the virtual machine (VM). This is one of important components in order to provide perfect VM OS. Without the VMware Tools, guest OS performance will lacks some of the important functionality.
1. Install prerequisites :
[[email protected] ~]# yum install perl gcc make -y
2. Right click on the VM, click install VMware tools.
3. Mount the installer.
[[email protected] ~]# mount -t iso9660 /dev/cdrom /mnt mount: block device /dev/sr0 is write-protected, mounting read-only
4. Copy the isntaller to /tmp :
[[email protected] ~]# cd /mnt [[email protected] mnt]# cp VMwareTools-9.2.2-893683.tar.gz /tmp
5. Extract the installer :
[[email protected] mnt]# cd /tmp [[email protected] tmp]# tar xzvf VMwareTools-9.2.2-893683.tar.gz
6. Go to vmware-tools-distrib directory and install :
[[email protected] tmp]# cd vmware-tools-distrib/ [[email protected] vmware-tools-distrib]# ls bin doc etc FILES INSTALL installer lib vmware-install.pl
Full installation steps :
[[email protected] vmware-tools-distrib]# ./vmware-install.pl Creating a new VMware Tools installer database using the tar4 format. Installing VMware Tools. In which directory do you want to install the binary files? [/usr/bin] What is the directory that contains the init directories (rc0.d/ to rc6.d/)? [/etc/rc.d] What is the directory that contains the init scripts? [/etc/rc.d/init.d] In which directory do you want to install the daemon files? [/usr/sbin] In which directory do you want to install the library files? [/usr/lib/vmware-tools] The path "/usr/lib/vmware-tools" does not exist currently. This program is going to create it, including needed parent directories. Is this what you want? [yes] In which directory do you want to install the documentation files? [/usr/share/doc/vmware-tools] The path "/usr/share/doc/vmware-tools" does not exist currently. This program is going to create it, including needed parent directories. Is this what you want? [yes] The installation of VMware Tools 9.2.2 build-893683 for Linux completed successfully. You can decide to remove this software from your system at any time by invoking the following command: "/usr/bin/vmware-uninstall-tools.pl". Before running VMware Tools for the first time, you need to configure it by invoking the following command: "/usr/bin/vmware-config-tools.pl". Do you want this program to invoke the command for you now? [yes] Initializing... Making sure services for VMware Tools are stopped. The VMware FileSystem Sync Driver (vmsync) allows external third-party backup software that is integrated with vSphere to create backups of the virtual machine. Do you wish to enable this feature? [no] Found a compatible pre-built module for vmci. Installing it... Found a compatible pre-built module for vsock. Installing it... The module vmxnet3 has already been installed on this system by another installer or package and will not be modified by this installer. Use the flag --clobber-kernel-modules=vmxnet3 to override. The module pvscsi has already been installed on this system by another installer or package and will not be modified by this installer. Use the flag --clobber-kernel-modules=pvscsi to override. The module vmmemctl has already been installed on this system by another installer or package and will not be modified by this installer. Use the flag --clobber-kernel-modules=vmmemctl to override. The VMware Host-Guest Filesystem allows for shared folders between the host OS and the guest OS in a Fusion or Workstation virtual environment. Do you wish to enable this feature? [yes] Could not create the '/mnt/hgfs' directory. The filesystem driver (vmhgfs module) is used only for the shared folder feature. The rest of the software provided by VMware Tools is designed to work independently of this feature. If you wish to have the shared folders feature, you can install the driver by running vmware-config-tools.pl again after making sure that gcc, binutils, make and the kernel sources for your running kernel are installed on your machine. These packages are available on your distribution's installation CD. [ Press Enter key to continue ] Found a compatible pre-built module for vmxnet. Installing it... The vmblock enables dragging or copying files between host and guest in a Fusion or Workstation virtual environment. Do you wish to enable this feature? [yes] NOTICE: It appears your system does not have the required fuse packages installed. The VMware blocking filesystem requires the fuse packages and its libraries to function properly. Please install the fuse or fuse-utils package using your systems package management utility and re-run this script in order to enable the VMware blocking filesystem. !!! [EXPERIMENTAL] !!! VMware automatic kernel modules enables automatic building and installation of VMware kernel modules at boot that are not already present. By selecting yes, you will be enabling this experimental feature. You can always disable this feature by re-running vmware-config-tools.pl. Would you like to enable VMware automatic kernel modules? [no] No X install found. Creating a new initrd boot image for the kernel. vmware-tools-thinprint start/running vmware-tools start/running The configuration of VMware Tools 9.2.2 build-893683 for Linux for this running kernel completed successfully. You must restart your X session before any mouse or graphics changes take effect. You can now run VMware Tools by invoking "/usr/bin/vmware-toolbox-cmd" from the command line. To enable advanced X features (e.g., guest resolution fit, drag and drop, and file and text copy/paste), you will need to do one (or more) of the following: 1. Manually start /usr/bin/vmware-user 2. Log out and log back into your desktop session; and, 3. Restart your X session. Enjoy, --the VMware team