This howto covers the steps necessary to control internet access by time using Squid Proxy cache server for CentOS 6.2. Before beginning this steps, please make sure you have properly configured the squid proxy server. If not, please follow this article to install squid proxy server on CentOS 6.2 (How to Install and Configure Squid Proxy Server on CentOS 6.2)
1. Open the squid.conf configuration file :
[[email protected] ~]# vi /etc/squid/squid.conf
2. In this example, the setup just allow surfing_hour’s access from the ehowstuff.com network, while always restricting access to ehowstuff.com network other than surfing hour.
# Example rule allowing access from your local networks. # Adapt to list your (internal) IP networks from where browsing # should be allowed acl ehowstuff.com src 192.168.1.0/24 # Your ehowstuff.com internal network
3. Define surfing_hour group’s name and time.
#Add this at the bottom of the ACL Section # acl surfing_hours time M T W H F 08:00-17:00 #
4. Always restricting access to ehowstuff.com, but allow during surfing hours only.
# Only allow cachemgr access from ehowstuff.com http_access allow ehowstuff.com surfing_hours http_access deny ehowstuff.com
5. Restart Squid proxy server to take effect :
[[email protected] ~]# service squid restart Stopping squid: ................ [ OK ] Starting squid: . [ OK ]
Full Configuration of the Squid Cache Proxy Configuration :
# # Recommended minimum configuration: # acl manager proto cache_object acl localhost src 127.0.0.1/32 ::1 acl to_localhost dst 127.0.0.0/8 0.0.0.0/32 ::1 # Example rule allowing access from your local networks. # Adapt to list your (internal) IP networks from where browsing # should be allowed acl localnet src 10.0.0.0/8 # RFC1918 possible internal network acl localnet src 172.16.0.0/12 # RFC1918 possible internal network acl localnet src 192.168.0.0/16 # RFC1918 possible internal network acl localnet src fc00::/7 # RFC 4193 local private network range acl localnet src fe80::/10 # RFC 4291 link-local (directly plugged) machines acl ehowstuff.com src 192.168.1.0/24 # Your ehowstuff.com internal network acl SSL_ports port 443 acl Safe_ports port 80 # http acl Safe_ports port 21 # ftp acl Safe_ports port 443 # https acl Safe_ports port 70 # gopher acl Safe_ports port 210 # wais acl Safe_ports port 1025-65535 # unregistered ports acl Safe_ports port 280 # http-mgmt acl Safe_ports port 488 # gss-http acl Safe_ports port 591 # filemaker acl Safe_ports port 777 # multiling http acl CONNECT method CONNECT #Add this at the bottom of the ACL Section # acl surfing_hours time M T W H F 08:00-17:00 # # Recommended minimum Access Permission configuration: # # Only allow cachemgr access from localhost http_access allow manager localhost http_access deny manager # Only allow cachemgr access from ehowstuff.com http_access allow ehowstuff.com surfing_hours http_access deny ehowstuff.com # Deny requests to certain unsafe ports http_access deny !Safe_ports # Deny CONNECT to other than secure SSL ports http_access deny CONNECT !SSL_ports # We strongly recommend the following be uncommented to protect innocent # web applications running on the proxy server who think the only # one who can access services on "localhost" is a local user #http_access deny to_localhost # # INSERT YOUR OWN RULE(S) HERE TO ALLOW ACCESS FROM YOUR CLIENTS # # Example rule allowing access from your local networks. # Adapt localnet in the ACL section to list your (internal) IP networks # from where browsing should be allowed #http_access allow localnet http_access allow localhost http_access allow ehowstuff.com # And finally deny all other access to this proxy http_access deny all # Squid normally listens to port 3128 http_port 3128 # We recommend you to use at least the following line. hierarchy_stoplist cgi-bin ? # Uncomment and adjust the following to add a disk cache directory. #cache_dir ufs /var/spool/squid 100 16 256 # Leave coredumps in the first cache dir coredump_dir /var/spool/squid # Add any of your own refresh_pattern entries above these. refresh_pattern ^ftp: 1440 20% 10080 refresh_pattern ^gopher: 1440 0% 1440 refresh_pattern -i (/cgi-bin/|\?) 0 0% 0 refresh_pattern . 0 20% 4320